The 2020 Nobel Prize season began on Monday last week as committees in Sweden and Norway name laureates in six prizes.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was jointly awarded to Harvey Alter of the US, Michael Houghton of the UK and Charles Rice of the US for their discovery of the hepatitis C virus. The Nobel committee said the three scientists had “made possible blood tests and new medicines that have saved millions of lives.”
Briton Roger Penrose, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US received the Nobel Prize in Physics for their discoveries that have improved our understanding of the universe, including work on black holes.
Photo: AFP 照片：法新社
Frenchwoman Emmanuelle Charpentier and American Jennifer Doudna received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their work on the development of CRISPR-Cas9 genetic scissors, a method for genome editing. This is the first time any Nobel science prize has gone to an all-female team. Charpentier and Doudna were also winners of the 2016 Tang Prize in Biopharmaceutical Science.
The Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded to American poet Louise Gluck “for her unmistakable poetic voice that with austere beauty makes individual existence universal.”
The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the UN World Food Program for its “key role in multilateral cooperation on making food security an instrument of peace.”
Finally, the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Science will be announced today at 17:45 Taiwan time.
(Lin Lee-kai, Taipei Times)
Late singer Whitney Houston has earned her third diamond-certified album, becoming the first black artist to achieve the feat, according to AP. The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) announced recently that Whitney’s 1987 second album, “Whitney,” has reached diamond status, which is equivalent to selling 10 million albums in the US. Diamond status is 10 times higher than platinum status. “Whitney” features four songs that topped the Billboard Hot 100 chart: the Grammy-winning I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me), Didn’t We Almost Have It All, So Emotional and Where Do Broken Hearts Go. Her self-titled 1985 debut album
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